Retirement Planning For Teachers & Educators: A Guide
As a teacher, you always give 110 percent. You put in long hours, work on the weekends, and contribute the extra effort needed to get every student involved and excited about what they’re learning.
Understanding Your 403(b) Plan
At a surface level, a 403(b) plan works similarly to a 401(k). Money is withdrawn from a teacher’s paycheck pre-tax and grows in retirement savings account until retirement.
But a major difference is that a 403(b) plan is typically a tax-sheltered annuity (although nowadays they often offer some mutual funds as well). Similar to a 401(k), funds placed in a 403(b) plan aren’t taxed until withdrawn, and employers can choose to make matching contributions.
It’s important to note that, unlike a 401(k) plan, investment options for a 403(b) are limited to annuities and mutual funds.
When selecting a 403(b) plan from your employer, you’ll likely be presented with low, medium, and high-risk plan options – or a mix of the three. It’s not uncommon for teachers to have questions about the differences between these options, and you will likely benefit from working with a financial professional to take a look at your options as well. Choosing the wrong option for your unique retirement needs could greatly impact your future withdrawals.
The Realities of Your Pension Plan
Approximately 91 percent of teachers are enrolled in a defined benefits pension plan.1 While this is an opportunity few professionals are offered anymore, the realities of what your payouts may look like in retirement shouldn’t be ignored.
Remember that just because you are enrolled in a pension plan upon employment, does not mean you will meet the vesting requirements. For a majority of states, the requirement is five-years of employment, while some require ten. If you leave before this time, you will not be eligible to receive your pension payouts.
Additionally, how much you receive in retirement through your pension will depend on a variety of factors, including your salary and years of service. You’ll want to read the fine print of your plan and ask around to determine how much you could expect to receive from your pension plan in retirement. This can help determine how much you’ll still need to save in order to maintain your standard of living and cover expenses in retirement.
Social Security Benefits (Or Lack Thereof)
Did you know that not all teachers will be eligible to receive Social Security benefits in retirement? Approximately 40 percent of K-12 teachers do not pay Social Security taxes, and therefore will not receive Social Security benefits in retirement.2
This accounts for about a million educators in 15 states including:2
- Rhode Island
For millions of retirees, Social Security offers a steady, reliable income source in retirement. While it is not meant to cover all expenses, it can help serve as the foundation of a secure retirement plan. If you are a teacher in a state that does not have you pay into Social Security, it’s important to prepare a plan that can help you address this lack of income in retirement.
Preparing for retirement as a teacher can come with its own unique challenges, but that doesn’t mean it should be put off or ignored altogether. Working alongside your school’s human resources department and your own financial advisor can help you feel confident and comfortable with your plan for retirement. Because you give your all today, it’s imperative that you let your money care for you when you need it most.